5 Most Common Types of Cancer you should be aware about
February 5, 2018
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Cancer is one of the world’s most dreaded diseases in today’s times. As per a recent report, by 2030, the number of people dying globally due to Cancer is said to touch close to 13 million. It has also been reported that the number of cases of people developing cancer will touch close 21.7 million worldwide.
The biggest reason why these numbers may become so high is due to the present lifestyle that most of us lead. Fewer childbirths, physical inactivity, poor diet, and smoking or drinking are some of the main reasons why people can develop any form of cancer.
Lung and Bronchus Cancer
In this form of cancer, a person will find it very difficult to breathe. He or she may also have a lot of chest pain and a persistent cough. To diagnose if the patient is suffering from lung and bronchus cancer, the doctor may recommend a needle biopsy, chest X-ray, and a proper physical examination. If it is confirmed that the patient has this form of cancer; the relevant treatment that would be recommended depending on the stage it is. The patient may have to undergo radiation therapy, chemotherapy and in some cases surgery as well. The major risk factors that cause this type of cancer include industrial pollutants and smoking.
Colon and Rectum Cancer
Obesity and a high-fat diet increase your chances of developing Colon or Rectum Cancer. If you feel that you are experiencing extreme fatigue, abdominal pain, and blood in the stools, it is recommended that you check up for Colon and Rectum Cancer. The doctor will conduct a digital rectal exam along with the fecal occult-blood test and lower GI series. The treatment for Colon and Rectum Cancer would include radiation therapy, surgery, and chemotherapy depending on the stage of cancer.
Women are at highest risk of breast cancer if it is hereditary. Other reasons why a woman may develop breast cancer are menstruation issues, women with dense breast tissue also have a higher risk of breast cancer, being overweight or obese and more. With the help of a biopsy, physical examination/s, and Mammogram, the doctor can be certain about the advancement of cancer. It is recommended to get in touch with a doctor the minute you notice a dark-colored discharge from your nipple or a lump in your armpit.
A man is at a high risk of developing Testicular cancer if there is a past family history of the same. The minute you start experiencing acute pain in the lower abdomen or feel a lump in the testicles; it is advisable to get a physical examination. The doctor will send the lump for a biopsy and suggest the type of treatment that is recommended. He or she may suggest radiation therapy, chemotherapy or even surgery.
People experiencing a sudden loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain, drastic weight loss should get themselves checked for Pancreatic Cancer. The specialist may recommend you to go for a cholecystogram, barium swallow and/or an X-ray Based on the results, you may have to undergo radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and even surgery. Diabetics and smokers are at a high risk to develop Pancreas Cancer.