In Vitro Fertilization: An Overview On Things To Consider
January 20, 2020
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Of the many procedures that are practiced for treating infertility, IVF is the most popular and comparably much more successful than intrauterine insemination, another commonly used fertility procedure. IVF has the merit and proved success to treat almost all kinds of infertility problem.
What involves in an In vitro fertilization is the use of fertility drugs to stimulate the development of multiple eggs. A small needle is put to use to retrieve the eggs from the ovaries. The eggs are then fertile in the specialized labs of the IVF treatment hospital. The embryos grow for 3 to 5 days before one or more is placed into the uterus.
Who fits the bill for vitro fertilization?
IVF is the most successful infertility treatment for almost all patients, including those with the following:
- ovulation problems
- fallopian tube damage/obstruction
- pelvic adhesions
- poor semen quality
- unexplained infertility
- prolonged infertility.
It can also be used to enable pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT) of embryos.
However, IVF does not make new eggs for patients, and if the uterus is incapable of implanting and carrying a pregnancy, IVF cannot solve that problem.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) integrate the process of IVF include the use of donor egg, donor sperm and gestational carrier (surrogate) which can overcome almost all biological infertility limitations. The IVF treatment in India comes as a boon to single parents and other non-traditional family building.
IVF Success Rates
The primary factor to be considered is the age for IVF success rates. For women younger than 35 have, there is an approximate 50/50 chance of having a baby with their first IVF egg retrieval and subsequent embryo transfer(s). If a woman does not get pregnant at the first go, they still stand a strong chance to get pregnant on second, third and even more cycles of IVF.
The advantages, risks involved in IVF
As mentioned before, IVF is more successful than intrauterine insemination (IUI. In fact, the former is also capable of treating almost any type of infertility problem. It can also provide access to genetic testing of embryos. Furthermore, the advantage of preventing multiple births by the use of single embryo transfer (SET) is possible only in the IVF process. It is also generally a faster way to get pregnant because success rates are higher.
The in vitro fertilization treatment is also a suited form of treatment for people wanting more than one child. Another advantage is that the dditional frozen embryos that are not used to get the first pregnancy can be used in the future to attempt to have additional children.
Perhaps the major challenge or disadvantage is the fact that it is more of a demanding process than IUI. The latter merely involves mild ovarian stimulation, a small amount of monitoring and an office-based IUI.
On the other hand, the IVF requires much stronger ovarian stimulation, frequent daily monitoring, and an egg retrieval procedure with conscious sedation anesthesia, laboratory fertilization and embryo growth, usually cryopreservation (freezing). Furthermore, the entire IVF process also calls for proper storage of embryos, and embryo transfer followed by progesterone injections or suppositories.